The purpose of Title I is to ensure that all children have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high-quality education and reach, at a minimum, proficiency on challenging state academic achievement standards and state academic assessments.
Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) is the largest federal assistance program to our nation’s schools. ESEA was first established in 1965, and the most recent reauthorization in 2001 was titled “No Child Left Behind” (NCLB). NCLB is built on four components: accountability for results, an emphasis on doing what works based on scientific research, expanded parental options, and expanded local control and flexibility.
Title I, Part A is intended to help ensure that all children have the opportunity to obtain a high-quality education and reach proficiency on challenging state academic standards and assessments. Title I focuses on promoting school-wide reform in high-poverty schools and ensuring students’ access to scientifically-based instructional strategies and challenging academic content.
The purpose of Title II, Part A is to increase the academic achievement of all students by helping schools and districts improve teacher and principal quality and ensure that all teachers are highly qualified. School districts have the flexibility to use Title IIA funds creatively to address the challenges of teacher and principal quality. Example uses include teacher preparation and qualifications of new teachers, recruitment and hiring, induction, professional development, and retention. In addition, Title IIA funds may be used to improve the skills and knowledge of principals for effective school leadership.